The Australian Biosecurity CRC for Emerging Infectious Disease has been supporting research on the ecology and transmission of Hendra virus and realises the need to produce a document
(PDF 212B) synthesing the most up-to-date research findings.
Hendra virus was first isolated in 1994 after a disease outbreak in a racing stable less than 10km from Brisbane city. One horse trainer and 13 horses died, one stable hand was seriously ill and seven horses with high exposure to the virus had to be destroyed. Subsequent incidents have led to the deaths of a further three people and 21 horses.
Shortly after the 1994 outbreak, researchers characterised the virus, developed laboratory tests to detect infection in human and animals, and identified flying foxes as the likely source of the virus.